Music is Instrumental -- The Timpani
- The timpani, sometimes called kettle drums, are a member of the percussion family.
- The timpani joined the orchestra in the late 1600’s and originally only had 2 drums.
- Modern orchestras use 4 or more timpani.
- Timpani have a foot pedal which allows the timpanist to change pitches.
- The timpani are played with wooden sticks covered in felt called mallets.
- The mallets come in different degrees of hardness, from very hard to very soft, depending on what kind of sound the timpanist wants to achieve.
- Timpani bowls are usually made from copper and have a calf skin or plastic drum head stretched across the bowl.
‘Purposeful’ viewing creates more engaged and focused learners, increases retention of the information presented, and leads students to more personalized learning. To create a ‘purposeful’ viewing environment:
I. Before viewing the video
- Ask students to share what they know about the instrument.
- Create a ‘purposeful’ question using the Support Information for each instrument.
- Ask the students to listen for the answer to a specific ‘purposeful’ question. For example, “How long is the instrument?” “How is the tone produced?” “What materials were used to make the instrument?” “What other instruments are related?”
- Use more open-ended ‘purposeful’ questions with more advanced students or in 2nd or 3rd viewings. “What are 3 important facts the musician shared about the instrument?” “What has the musician learned through playing their instrument?” “How does this instrument compare and contrast to other instruments we have studied?” “What is a fact or piece of information you think no one else in the class will remember?”
II. View the video
III. After viewing
Divide the class into small groups to discuss the answer to the question. Allow each group to share their answer.
For a more advanced ‘purposeful’ question, ask the students to share their responses with their group. Then the group must select their top three responses to share with the entire class.
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Music
Elementary Grades K-5
(1) Foundations: music literacy. The student describes and analyzes musical sound.
(3) Historical and cultural relevance. The student examines music in relation to history and cultures.
(4) Critical evaluation and response. The student listens to, responds to, and evaluates music and musical performances.
Middle School 1, 2, 3
(1) Foundations: music literacy. The student describes and analyzes music and musical sound. The student explores fundamental skills appropriate for a developing young musician.
(4) Historical and cultural relevance. The student relates music to history, culture, and the world.
(5) Critical evaluation and response. The student listens to, responds to, and evaluates music and musical performance in both formal and informal settings.
High School Music I, II, III, IV, Music Studies
(1) Foundations: music literacy. The student describes and analyzes music and musical sounds. The student develops organizational skills, engages in problem solving, and explores the properties and capabilities of various musical idioms.
(5) Historical and cultural relevance. The student relates music to history, culture, and the world.
(6) Critical evaluation and response. The student listens to, responds to, and evaluates music and musical performance in both formal and informal settings.
Music is Instrumental is made possible by support from The Josephine Anderson Charitable Trust and the Junior League of Amarillo.